Romani Language in the framework of the XIX-XXI centuries Russian Language Education Policy

M. Smirnova-Seslavinskaya, Head of Russian center of Research, Russian Institute of Cultural Research of Romany Culture, Candidate of Sciences

The paper attempts to reflect on history and agenda of the Romani-Russian bilingualism in education on the basis of materials on language education policy in Russia in XIX-XXI centuries. Continuity and dynamics of the RF language education policy, its social and economic mechanisms that determine implementation of legislation in school bilingualism are described. Based on the example of Romani-Russian school bilingualism development issues, the necessity for granting a medium language a special education status is discussed.

Key words: language education policy, Romani language, bilingualism in education, spoken language, language having recently acquired a written form, language education status, medium language.