Digital gap between Russian teenagers and their parents: psychological dimension

G. Soldatova, Professor, Psychological Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Chief Research Associate of Center of Strategy of Development of Education and Organizational and Methodological Support for the Programme, Federal Education Development Institute, Сorresponding member of Russian Academy of Education, Ph.D in Psychological Sciences

E. Rasskazova, Candidate of Sciences, Psychological Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Research Fellow of the Mental Health Research Center

The author analyses some psychological aspects of a digital gap between generations of teenagers and their parents emerging. The paper discusses the generation’s gap in knowledge, skills, motivation, emotions and self-image in the Internet, and also various cultural forms of skills transformation and interaction between generations in the use of ICT. Some findings from the national research on digital competence of teenagers and their parents conducted in 2013 by Internet Development Fund and Psychological Department of Moscow State University are presented. 1203 12-17 year old teenagers from 45 regions of 8 federal districts and 1209 parents who have children of this age participated in the research. The following empirical results were obtained: 1) a pre-figurative model of transferring skills (from children to parents) is commonly used as well as transferring skills from parents to children (a post-figurative model); in many aspects a pre-figurative model is left behind a self-learning and co-figurative models; 2) differences in digital competence between teenagers and parents are observed; they are in skills and responsibility, and it becomes apparent within the analysis of their activities in the Internet; 3) despite the fact that the general pattern is the same for both teenagers and parents, some differences in emotional experience, extent of self-image transformation in virtual life are identified.

Key words: Digital gap between generations, digital competence, generation X, Y, Z.