O. Podolskyi, D. Popov
Abstracts. The author suggests approaches to detection of competences and analyses international researches related to the adults’ competences. The author also analyses the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC) oriented to the creation of a statistical and analytical basis for solving of the key political objectives and their implementation in the Russian Federation up to the year of 2013. The results achieved enable the researchers to answer the question, whether a diploma of secondary educational, elementary or even professional one, may be compared to an actual level of adult literacy.
Key words: loyalty, leadership, education reforms.